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Allergic asthma symptoms and treatment

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Allergic asthma symptoms and treatment

Allergic asthma, which is very common in the world and in our country, is a disturbing condition that negatively affects daily life by reducing the quality of life of individuals. So what is allergic asthma?

In this type of asthma, which can be caused by many factors such as pollen of various plants, mites, dust and microbes, there is an excessive reaction to triggering factors in the tissues and membranes covering the respiratory tract. As a result of this reaction, regional swelling occurs in the respiratory tract, causing the airway to narrow. This paves the way for problems such as cough, shortness of breath and wheezing seen in allergic asthma.

What are the symptoms of Allergic Asthma?

The most basic symptom of allergic asthma is attacks caused by narrowing and obstruction of the airway. During these attacks, people experience shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and coughing. Apart from attacks, some symptoms that individuals encounter in daily life can be listed as follows:

  • Dry and persistent cough attacks
  • Wheezing and whistling sound while breathing
  • Feeling of tightness and tightness in the chest
  • Sleeping disorders

What Causes Allergic Asthma?

Genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of allergic asthma. Among these, the most basic risk factors are:

  • Having a history of asthma or allergic asthma in previous family members
  • Having had serious diseases that affected the respiratory tract during infancy and childhood or being heavily exposed to allergenic substances
  • Working in professions that require close contact with allergens that trigger allergic asthma
  • Being exposed to heavy smoke in smoking environments
  • Being born with low birth weight and premature birth
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How to Treat Allergic Asthma?

Asthma attacks can be prevented in individuals diagnosed with allergic asthma as a result of physical examination, respiratory tests, radiological imaging techniques and blood tests, by applying appropriate treatment methods and taking certain precautions in daily life. Some medications, the type, duration and form of use of which will be determined by the physician, can be used in allergic asthma. In addition, the most important points that individuals should pay attention to to prevent allergic asthma attacks are:

  • With the help of allergy tests, it is determined which factors the individual is allergic to and these factors should be avoided as much as possible.
  • Individuals should frequently ventilate the environment they live in and smoke should not be used at home.
  • Air fresheners, perfumes and deodorants should not be used.
  • Individuals who are found to be allergic to pets should avoid having pets at home.
  • In spring, when pollen levels increase, windows and doors should be kept closed and not go out unless necessary.
  • Food allergies should be taken into consideration and foods that cause allergic reactions should be eliminated from the diet.

When the above-mentioned precautions are taken and health checks are performed regularly, allergic asthma symptoms can be minimized and the quality of life can be greatly improved. Therefore, if you have or think you have allergic asthma, you should immediately consult a physician and start the recommended treatment.

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