How to get rid of brown spots on the body?
Brown spots on the skin usually do not cause a significant health problem. However, spots seen at a young age may be a sign of diseases such as liver diseases, freckles and melasma. People under the age of 50 and those who have brown spots on the skin even if they are not exposed to the sun are recommended to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause. This type of skin blemishes are more common, especially in areas such as hands, face and legs.
Why Do Brown Spots on the Body Occur?
- Brown spots, also known as sunspots and liver spots, increase with age. As we age, the melanin pigment that gives the skin its color begins to accumulate on the skin surface and creates brown areas on the skin.
- When the skin is exposed to the sun for a long time, it secretes high amounts of melanin (the color pigment that gives the skin its color) in order to protect itself from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. This color pigment accumulates excessively in some areas of the skin and creates dark spots. Sunbathing without using sunscreen that protects the skin against ultraviolet rays causes brown spots.
- Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which increase during pregnancy, lead to an increase in a substance called melanotropin, which causes skin color to darken. Brown spots occur on the face, neck, hands, nipples and genital areas of expectant mothers. However, this condition resolves spontaneously within 1 year after birth.
- Side effects of some medications, such as birth control pills, can also cause brown spots on the skin.
- Brown spots can also be seen in people with a genetic predisposition.
- Stress, liver diseases, seborrheic keratosis and hormonal disorders can cause brown skin.
How to Remove Brown Spots on the Body?
Cream containing antioxidants such as retinol, ezelaic acid, hydroquinone, vitamin C and vitamin E can be used for brown spots on the skin. One of the most natural methods for brown spots is the application of lemon juice. Lemon, which contains high amounts of citric acid, can help reduce brown spots. Lemon juice is applied directly to the skin area where the brown spot is located and after it dries, it is wiped with a damp towel. This method is especially effective on small stains. For brown spots caused by liver problems, treatment should be started by visiting a specialist doctor.
In liver problems, toxins and free radicals accumulate in the body. An adequate and balanced nutrition program containing antioxidants helps prevent the formation of brown spots. Treatment methods for brown spots that are aesthetically disturbing include carbon peeling, dermapen, chemical peeling, PRP, mesotherapy and laser treatment. Depending on the reasons for the formation of spots, the dermatologist examines the patient’s skin and decides which treatment method to apply.