What are the symptoms of measles? Measles Treatment
Measles, one of the most common infectious diseases of childhood, is a viral infectious disease that can also occur in adults if vaccination and immunity are not provided. Rubeola virus, which can be easily transmitted through the respiratory tract, causes various complaints along with red spots on the skin. While measles, which is highly contagious, was one of the most common childhood diseases in the past, it has been brought under control with the developed measles vaccine. Rubeola virus, which initially causes complaints such as fever, weakness and runny nose, can lead to fatal health problems such as pneumonia and encephalitis if left untreated. Therefore, in order to maintain personal health and protect public health, certain questions such as being informed about measles, symptoms of measles and how to treat measles must be answered correctly.
What are the symptoms of measles?
Symptoms of measles appear approximately 10 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. The first symptoms of measles often include:
- dry cough
- runny nose
- Sore throat
- Redness in the eyes and around the eyes accompanied by pain
Then, red spots appear on the face, called measles rash, and these skin spots begin to spread rapidly to other parts of the body. In cases where the disease is not controlled and effective treatment is not applied, critical conditions such as diarrhea, ear infection, pneumonia and even encephalitis may develop in addition to these symptoms.
- Ear infection. One of the most common complications of measles is bacterial ear infection.
- Bronchitis or laryngitis
- lung inflammation
- Pneumonia. Pneumonia is a common complication of measles. People with weakened immune systems can develop a particularly dangerous form of pneumonia that is sometimes fatal.
How to Treat Measles?
Symptoms and complaints that occur in people with the disease; It is controlled with rest, plenty of fluid consumption and painkillers and antipyretics. In order to minimize the negative effects of measles and to control infectious effects that threaten public health, immunity should be provided primarily with measles vaccination, and effective treatment interventions should be implemented in disease cases where immunity is inadequate.
When to Get Measles Vaccination?
Measles vaccine, one of the vaccines given during childhood within the scope of public health practices, is a practice called MMR and provides effective protection against rubella and mumps infections as well as measles. The first application of measles vaccine in babies is made at the end of the 12th month, and the second application is made in the first grade of primary school. The second vaccination is one of the mandatory vaccines called Booster Vaccine, which is applied to strengthen immunity.