What is Good for Lower Back Pain? How to Pass?
Low back pain, which ranks second after headache worldwide, reduces the quality of life, especially of desk workers.
Low back pain, which ranks second after headache worldwide, reduces the quality of life, especially of desk workers. The disorder, which negatively affects people’s work and social lives, also causes many important health problems. There may be many causes of low back pain, which manifests itself as muscle pain and joint pain in the waist, back and spine areas.
What Causes Low Back Pain?
Low back pain, a health problem that almost 80% of the adult population encounters at some point in their lives, is a type of pain that damages people’s lower back muscles, joints and ligaments as a result of poor posture and waist strain. Standing for long periods of time, pregnancy, excessive weight gain, length difference between legs, and wearing high-heeled shoes are among the causes of back pain. Desk workers, those who lift excessive loads, long-distance drivers, and employees who use construction machinery are at high risk of developing low back pain.
In addition to these, causes of lower back pain can be listed as follows:
- Lumbar disc herniation, posture disorders and waist strain
- Waist stiffness caused by sudden movements or cold
- After unsuccessful back surgeries
- Psychogenic low back pain
- Organ disorders such as kidney, liver and stomach
- Brucella, tuberculosis
- Calcification of the lumbar spine
- Spinal fractures or spinal misalignment
- congenital anomalies
How to Relieve Lower Back Pain?
The treatment of low back pain is based on its cause, as in all other diseases. In general, in the treatment of low back pain;
- Simple painkillers, muscle relaxants and anti-rheumatic drugs are used.
- Physical therapy agents such as strengthening muscles and stimulating worn nerves, relieving pain with electrical currents, loosening deep tissues with laser therapy, ultrasound, and superficial heat or cooling applications are applied.
- Bracing and pain tapes are used.
- Manipulation, mobilization and massage are performed.
- Exercise programs and local injections are applied.
- Surgical applications are performed.
What is Good for Lower Back Pain?
Waist exercises recommended by a physical therapist help relieve pain by strengthening the muscles in the waist area. Applying a cold compress to the painful area for 5-10 minutes during the first 24-48 hours when the pain begins and staying away from windy environments such as air conditioning and drafts are among the things that should be done to relieve low back pain. Taking short walks, swimming, cycling, stretching and stretching exercises without tiring the waist too much can be a solution to lower back pain. Using a special pillow that supports the lumbar arch when sitting and avoiding sitting in the same position for a long time can be good for lower back pain. However, if lower back pain does not go away with rest, causes excessive restriction in movements, and spreads to the legs, causing numbness and tingling in the legs, a specialist doctor should be consulted without delay.