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How is chronic prostatitis diagnosed and treated?

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How is chronic prostatitis diagnosed and treated?

Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland in men. The prostate is a small gland located under the bladder. The prostate surrounds the part of the urinary tract called the urethra and forms part of the male reproductive system. Prostatitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, but in most cases the cause cannot be determined.

Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland in men. The prostate is a small gland located under the bladder. The prostate surrounds the part of the urinary tract called the urethra and forms part of the male reproductive system. Prostatitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, but in most cases the cause cannot be determined.

It manifests itself with symptoms such as burning during urination, frequent need to urinate, and lower back pain. Unlike benign prostatic hyperplasia, it can occur in men of all ages. Prostate inflammation can occur in two forms: acute and chronic. In the acute form, symptoms appear suddenly and more severely. In the chronic form, milder and longer-lasting symptoms are observed.

What is chronic prostatitis?

Chronic prostatitis is an inflammatory condition that occurs in the prostate gland, is not contagious, but has long-lasting and treatment-resistant symptoms. To be diagnosed with chronic prostatitis, symptoms must be present for at least three months. In acute prostatitis, the symptoms pass much more quickly. Chronic prostatitis typically causes pain in the lower pelvic area of ​​men. Symptoms related to the urinary tract, such as frequent urination and burning sensation while urinating, may also be present. Treatment is often difficult and may require the use of antibiotics.

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Causes of chronic prostatitis

Correct diagnosis is the key to effective treatment. However, it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose the cause of chronic prostatitis. The causes of chronic prostatitis vary depending on the type of disease. There are two main types of chronic prostatitis. ‘Chronic bacterial prostatitis’ is caused by long-term infection caused by bacteria. The cause of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, also known as Chronic pelvic pain syndrome, is not fully understood.

How is chronic prostatitis diagnosed?

Prostatitis is diagnosed by a urologist. To make a diagnosis, the doctor first questions the person’s complaints and medical history. Afterwards, he performs a prostate examination, called rectal examination, using an anal finger. During the rectal examination, the doctor checks the swelling and size of the prostate.

Various tests can be performed with a urine, blood or semen sample. Ultrasound examination and cystoscopy can be used in diagnosis. Cystoscopy; It is the examination of the urinary tract with a device that has a small camera on its tip. To reach a definitive conclusion, a piece of the prostate may need to be taken and examined in the pathology department.

How to cure chronic prostatitis?

Treatment of chronic prostatitis depends on the cause. varies as. Oral antibiotics are usually recommended for bacterial prostatitis. People with long-lasting or recurring infections may need long-term antibiotic treatment, which can last up to 6 months. If oral treatment is not sufficient, intravenous treatment of the disease may be required. Different pain and anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants are used for conditions that do not improve with antibiotic treatment. If there is permanent damage to the urinary tract that makes urination difficult, surgical treatment is performed. Transurethral microwave therapy, or simply tumt therapy, is another treatment option used in cases of resistant chronic prostatitis. In this method, prostate size is reduced by using microwave energy.

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